MFR of Febuxostat 40 mg Tablets

MFR of Febuxostat 40 mg Tablets

TABLE OF CONTENTS 

S.NO.TITLEPage No.
1.0PRODUCT DETAILS
2.0MANUFACTURING FORMULA
3.0LIST OF EQUIPMENTS
4.0GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
5.0MANUFACTURING INSTRUCTIONS
6.0

 

 

 

MANUFACTURING PROCESS DETAILS
6.1GRANULATION
6.2COMPRESSION
6.3COATING
6.4BRAND DETAILS

Febuxostat 40

 1.0 PRODUCT DETAILS OF Febuxostat 40:

Product NameFebuxostat Tablets
Product DescriptionWhite, round shape, biconvex, film coated tablet having both side plain.
StrengthFebuxostat 40 mg
Label claim

 

Each film coated tablet contains:

Febuxostat – 40 mg

Batch Size1,00,000 Tablets
Average Weight110  mg (Uncoated tablet)

112.2 mg (Film coated tablet)

Shelf Life24 months
StorageStore in a cool, dry and dark place below 250C.
Drug CategoryXanthine Oxidase Inhibitors

2.0 MANUFACTURING FORMULA OF Febuxostat 40:

Material NameGradeCategoryQuantity per Unit (In mg)OveragesBatch Qty.

 (In kg)

Dry Mixing     
FebuxostatNAAPI40 .0mg1 %4.040 kg
StarchIPDiluent20.0 mg—-2.000 kg
MCCP PH-102IPDiluent34.5 mg—-3.450 kg
Binder
PVPK-30IPBinder2.0 mg—-0.200 kg
Isopropyl AlcoholIPSolvent0.09 ml—-9.000 liter
Lubricant
TalcumIPAnti-caking agent3.0 mg—-0.300 kg
Sodium Starch GlycolateIPDisintegrants9.0 mg—-0.900 kg
Magnesium StearateIPAnti- adherent1.1 mg—-0.110 kg

3.0 LIST OF EQUIPMENTS FOR Febuxostat 40:

 Sr. No.Machineries/EquipmentsCapacityEquipment ID.
1.Weighing Balance100 kg
2. Vibro Sifter (with SS Sieves No’s 20, 30, 40,60 and 100)30 inch dia
3.Portable Stirrer
4.Tray Dryer48 Trays
5.Double Cone Blender65 liter
6.Halogen Moisture Balance
7.Compression Machine35 Station
8.SS Containers10 liter,20 liter
9.Poly-lined HDPE Containers with lid30  liter (03 No’s)
10.Polybag1.0  kg ,2.0 kg
11.Filter Cloth 100#0.5 Meter

4.0 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS:

  • API Description: A white or almost white powder.
  • All the Manufacturing Activities shall be performed under controlled conditions (temperature NMT 25 0C and relative humidity NMT 60%).
  • When working with Active Ingredients and drug product or mixture of Active Ingredients and Excipients, wear gloves and mask to avoid exposure and contact with any body parts.
  • MANUFACTURING INSTRUCTIONS:
  • All activities shall be performed as per current SOPs.
  • Take the line clearance of every machine from QA before starting the manufacturing operation during batch to batch and product to product change over.
  • Do not overwrite the entry. In case of mistake, cancel the entry by single line with sign & date and make correct entry.
  • MANUFACTURING PROCESS DETAILS FOR Febuxostat 40:

  6.1 GRANULATION:

STEP – I (SIFTING) For Febuxostat 40:

  • Check Sieve Integrity (before sifting and after sifting).
  • Set the Vibro Sifter (capacity: 30 inch dia) and sieve the Dispensed Materials as per Sieve Sizes mentioned below:
Material Name Std. Qty. (kg)Sieve No.
Dry Mixing
Febuxostat4.040 kg30 #
Starch IP2.000 kg100 #
MCCP PH-102 IP3.450 kg40 #
Binder
PVPK-30 IP0.200 kg20 #
Isopropyl Alcohol IP (IPA)9.000 liter
Lubricant
Talcum IP0.300 kg60 #
Sodium Starch Glycolate IP0.900 kg60 #
Magnesium Stearate IP 0.110 kg30 #
  • Collect sifted Febuxostat (4.040 kg), Starch IP (2.000 kg) and MCCP PH-102 IP (3.450 kg) in Polybag (capacity: 10 kg)
  • Collect sifted Talcum IP (0.300 kg) and Sodium Starch Glycolate IP (0.900 kg) in Polybag (capacity: 2.0 kg)
  • Collect sifted Magnesium Stearate IP (0.110 kg) in Polybag (capacity: 1.0 kg).

STEP – II – (BINDER PREPARATION) For Febuxostat 40:

Take Isopropyl Alcohol IP (9.000 liter) in SS Container (capacity: 10 liter) and add PVPK-30 IP (0.200 kg) in it. Mix together with Portable Stirrer continuously stirring till dissolved properly in IPA.

Mixing Time: 10 minutes (To be validated in next batch).

Filter the solution with filter cloth 100 # in SS Container (capacity: 10 liter).

STEP – III (DRY MIXING) For Febuxostat 40:

Transfer the sifted Febuxostat, Starch IP and MCCP PH-102 IP in SS Container (capacity: 20 liter) and dry mix the materials manually till uniform mixing.

Mixing Time: 15 minutes (manually) (To be validated in next batch).

STEP –IV (BINDING OF DRY MIX MATERIAL) For Febuxostat 40:

Slowly add the binder of Step-II in dry mix material of Step-III  for 10 minutes till uniform binding and after binding collect the wet mass in four Trays (capacity: 3.00 kg each).

Mixing Time: 15 minutes (manually) (To be validated in next batch).

STEP –V– (DRYING) For Febuxostat 40:

Dry the wet material of Step-IV as follows:

Load these four trays in Tray Dryer.

First air dry the granules for 30 minutes in Tray Dryer. Ensure that Heaters are in OFF mode during air drying. After 30 minutes of air drying, Switch ON  the heaters and set the temperature at 35°C and dry the granules, until the LOD of granules is achieved between 1 % at 105°C checking by Halogen Moisture Balance.

Air Drying Time: 30 minutes (Heaters should be OFF).

Drying Time: 02 hours (To be validated in next batch).

Drying Temperature: 30°C to 35°C.

Raking Frequency: After every 15 minutes.

STEP-VI- (SIZING/MILLING) For Febuxostat 40:

Check Sieve Integrity (before sifting and after sifting).

Set the Vibro Sifter and fix the sieve 40 # and sieve the dried material of Step-V. Collect the sized material in one Poly-lined HDPE Container (capacity: 30 liter).

STEP – VII (PRE –LUBRICATION) For Febuxostat 40:

Load the sized granules of Step-VI in Double Cone Blender (capacity : 65 liter) and add sifted Talcum IP, Sodium Starch Glycolate and mix properly till uniform mixing of sized material with Pre-Lubricating Materials.

Mixing Time: 30 minutes (15 minutes clockwise direction and 15 minutes anti-clockwise direction).

Mixing Speed: 10 RPM.

STEP – VIII (LUBRICATION) For Febuxostat 40:

Add the sifted Magnesium Stearate IP in Pre-Lubricated Material of Step-VII in Double Cone Blender and mix properly till uniform mixing of materials with Magnesium Stearate IP.

Mixing Time: 05 minutes.

Mixing Speed: 10 RPM. 

STEP- X (BLEND SAMPLE ANALYSIS) For Febuxostat 40:

  • After completion of lubrication, collect the composite blend sample (Qty. 10 gm) and send to QC for analysis according to the table below:
TestSpecification
Appearance of blend

Blend Uniformity

Blend Assay

LOD

Uniformity of content

Bulk Density

Tapped Density

Compressibility Index

Hausner Ratio

White  free flowing granular powder

90 % to 110 %

98 % to 103 %

1 %

85 % to 115 %

To be established in next batch

To be established in next batch

To be established in next batch

To be established in next batch

STEP – XI For Febuxostat 40:

  • Take Tare Weight of one Poly-lined HDPE Containers (capacity: 30 liter each), record the Tare Weight in BMR and unload the above blended material from Double Cone Blender in Poly-lined HDPE Containers (capacity: 30 liter each) and weigh the material with containers and record the Gross Weight of the material and calculate the Net Weight of the material as per given formula:

Net Weight = Gross Weight – Tare weight

  • Affix the status label with following details – Product Name, Batch No., Batch Size, Mfg. Date, Exp. Date, Tare Weight, Gross Weight and Net Weight on the Poly-lined HDPE Containers.
  • Batch Yield of Lubricated granules:

Theoretical Batch Yield: 11.000 kg (100 %)

Actual Batch Yield Limit NLT 10.890 kg (NLT 99 %) (To be established in next batch).

STEP – XII For Febuxostat 40:

  • Clean all equipments used in the granulation as per respective equipment cleaning SOP.

6.2 COMPRESSION For Febuxostat 40:

STEP – I For Febuxostat 40:

  • After receiving of QC approval for the blend, verify the Net Weight of the received blend as per status label in Granules Day Store.
  • After confirmation continue the compression with 35 stations (B-Tooling) Compression Machine. Compress the blend as per the following parameters and In Process checks under controlled environmental condition. 
S.NoParametersStandardNo. of Tablets In-Process    Frequency
1.       Feed frame alignment and adjustmentShould be satisfactory—–—–
2.       Lower Weight AssemblyShould be satisfactory—–—–
3.       Hydraulic Pressure5-6  Tones—–—–
4.       Machine Speed18 RPM to 20 RPM­—–—–
6.       Upper Punch Size6.5 mm­—–—–
7.       Lower Punch Size6.5 mm—–—–
8.       Diameter of the tablet6.5 mm6/Individual2 hours
9.       Thickness of Tablets6.5 mm6/Individual2 hours
10.   Weight of 20 Tablets2.200 gm. ± 2%20/Composite30 minutes
11.   Product DescriptionWhite, round shape, biconvex, uncoated tablet having both side plain.20/Composite30 minutes
12.   Uniformity of WeightNMT 02 tablets out of 20 deviate from the standard average weight by more than 3 % and  no single tablet deviates from the standard average weight by more than 5 %20/Composite01 hour
13.   Standard Average Weight of Tablets110 mg ± 2 %20/Individual30 minutes
14.   HardnessNLT 3 kg/cm26/Individual30 minutes
15.   Disintegration TimeNMT 15 min6/Composite01 hour
16.   FriabilityNMT 1%20/Composite01 hour
  • Collect the compressed tablets in SS Container (capacity: 20 liter each on both sides), when SS containers are filled with tablets, transfer the tablets in one Poly-lined HDPE Containers as given below in Step-III.

STEP – II For Febuxostat 40:

  • Send the composite sample of compressed tablets (Qty. 30 tablets) to QC department for analysis.

STEP – III For Febuxostat 40:

  • Take Tare Weight of one Poly-lined HDPE Containers (capacity: 30 liter each), record the Tare Weight in BMR and transfer the compressed tablets in Poly-lined HDPE Containers (capacity: 30 liter each) and weigh the compressed tablets with containers and record the Gross Weight of the compressed tablets and calculate the Net Weight of the material as per given formula:

Net Weight = Gross Weight – Tare weight

  • Affix the status label with following details – Product Name, Batch No., Batch Size, Avg. Weight, Mfg. Date, Exp. Date, Tare Weight, Gross Weight and Net Weight on the Poly-lined HDPE Container.
  • Batch Yield of Compressed Tablets:

Theoretical Batch Yield: 11.000 kg (100 %)

Actual Batch Yield Limit NLT 10.890 kg (NLT 99 %) (To be established in next batch)

STEP – IV For Febuxostat 40:

  • After completion of compression of the tablets clean the Compression Machine as per cleaning SOP. 

6.3 COATING For Febuxostat 40:

  • Verify the Net Weight of the received compressed tablets for coating as per status label and after confirmation continue for tablet coating.

     STEP – I (COATING MATERIALS DETAILS) For Febuxostat 40:

Sr. No.Material NameBatch Quantity
1.HPMC E-15 IP0.200 kg.
2.Ethyl Cellulose IP0.009 kg
3.Titanium Dioxide IP0.011 kg
4.Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) IP1.170  liter
5.Dichloromethane  ( MDC) USP3.190  liter

STEP-II (LIST OF EQUIPMENTS FOR COATING) For Febuxostat 40:

Sr. No.Machineries/EquipmentsCapacityEquipment ID.
1.Coating Pan24″
2.Spray Gun01
3.Filter Cloth 100 #0.5 Meter
4.Portable Stirrer
5.SS Container10 liter (02 No’s)
6.Poly-lined HDPE Container with lid30 liter (01 No.)

STEP – III (PREPARATION OF COATING SOLUTION) For Febuxostat 40:

  • Mix HPMC E-15 IP (0.220 kg) and Ethyl Cellulose IP (0.009 kg) in Polybag (capacity: 1.00 kg) and mix properly for 5 minutes till uniform mixing.
  • Take Isopropyl Alcohol IP (1.170 kg) in SS Container (capacity: 10 liter) and add the mixture of  Step-III (a) in IPA, mix together by Portable Stirrer continuously stirring properly till uniform mixing achieved.
  • After that slowly add Dichloromethane USP (3.190 liter) in Step- III (b) with continuously stirring for 10 minutes.
  • After uniform mixing add color Titanium Dioxide IP (0.011kg) in Step-III(c) solution and mix for 05 minutes with stirrer till uniform mixing achieved.

Speed of Stirrer: Constant

Mixing Time: 30 minutes (To be validated in next batch).

  • Filter the coating solution with Filter Cloth 100 # in SS Container (capacity: 10 liter)
  • Keep the solution for 15 minutes to let it the foam settle down. Thereafter proceed with coating process. 

STEP – IV (COATING PROCEDURE) For Febuxostat 40:

  • Coating will be done in one lot, take total compressed tablets for coating (11.000 kg)
  • Load the tablets in coating pan (Capacity: 24″), start the hot air blower, set the supply air temperature at 70°C to 75°C and start the exhaust fan & warm the tablets bed 40°C to 45°C.
  • After warming up the tablets, take weight of 100 warmed tablets and record the weight in BMR for calculation of weight buildup of tablets after coating.
  • Set the coating parameter as given in below table and start the coating process by starting coating spray through gun.
ParameterSpecification
No. of Baffles in coating pan03
No. of Guns01
Inlet Temperature70°C to 75°C (To be validated in next batch)
Peristaltic Pump Speed2 – 4 RPM (To be validated in next batch)
Atomization2.5 to 3.0 kg/cm2
Gun to Tablet Bed Distance10 inch
BED Temperature400C to 45 0C (To be validated in next batch)
Pan RPM13 to 15 RPM
% Weight Gain

(Upto 1.5 to 2.0 %)

Weight of Film Coated Tablets – Weight of uncoated warmed Tablets x 100 / Weight of Film Coated Tablets
Coating Time02 Hour (To be validated in next batch)
  • After completion of Film Coating, take weight of 100 film coated tablets and record the weight in BMR and calculate the weight gain by using Weight Gain Formula given in above table of Step-IV.

STEP – V (COATING IN-PROCESS CHECK PARAMETERS) For Febuxostat 40:

Sr. No.ParametersStandardNo. of TabletsIn-Process Frequency
1Product DescriptionWhite, round shape, biconvex film coated tablet having both side plain20 No. 

 

 

After batch completion

2Weight of 20 Tablets after coating 2.244 gm. (Weight gain 1.5 to 2 % )20 No.
3Average Weight after coating112.2 mg (Weight gain 1.5 to 2 % )20 No.
4Individual Tablets Weight VariationNMT 02 tablets out of 20 deviate from the standard average weight by more than 3 % and  no single tablet deviates from the standard average weight by more than 5 %20 No.
5Thickness2.72 mm ± 0.2 mm6 No.
6DisintegrationNMT 30 min.6 No.

STEP – VI For Febuxostat 40:

  • Send the composite sample of coated tablets (Qty. 30 tablets) to QC department for analysis.

STEP – VII For Febuxostat 40:

  • Take Tare Weight of one Poly-lined HDPE Containers (capacity: 30 liter each), record the Tare Weight in BMR and transfer the coated tablets in Poly-lined HDPE Containers (capacity: 30 liter each) and weigh the coated tablets with containers and record the Gross Weight of the coated tablets and calculate the Net Weight of the material as per given formula:

Net Weight = Gross Weight – Tare weight

  • Affix the status label with following details – Product Name, Batch No., Batch Size, Avg. Weight, Mfg. Date, Exp. Date, Tare Weight, Gross Weight and Net Weight on the Poly-lined HDPE Containers.
  • Batch Yield of Coated Tablets:

Theoretical Batch Yield: 11.220 kg (100 %)

Actual Batch Yield Limit NLT 11.107 kg (NLT 99 %) (To be established in next batch).

 

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About ABHA

Abha is the Author  of pharmaceutical guidance, she is a pharmaceutical professional having more than 22 years of rich experience in pharmaceutical field. During her career, she works in the quality assurance department with multinational companies i.e Zydus Cadila Ltd, Unichem Laboratories Ltd, Indoco remedies Ltd. During his experience, she faces many regulatorily audits i.e. USFDA, MHRA, ANVISA, MCC, TGA, EU –GMP, WHO –Geneva, ISO 9001-2008 and many ROW Regularities Audit i.e.Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe. She is currently leading a regulatory pharmaceutical company as a Head Quality. You can join him by Email, Facebook, Google+, Twitter, and YouTube

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