Zinc Sulphate Tablets: Benefits, Dosage, and Safety
Zinc sulfate tablets are a commonly used nutritional supplement that provides essential zinc to the body. Zinc is a vital mineral involved in numerous physiological processes, including immune function, wound healing, and growth. This comprehensive guide aims to provide a detailed understanding of zinc sulfate tablets, including their benefits, dosage, potential side effects, and safety considerations. Whether you’re considering zinc supplementation for a specific health concern or simply want to learn more about this important mineral, this guide will equip you with the knowledge needed to make informed decisions regarding zinc sulfate tablet therapy.
The Importance of Zinc in the Body
1.1 Role of Zinc in Human Health
1.2 Functions of Zinc in the Body
1.3 Dietary Sources of Zinc
Introduction to Zinc Sulfate Tablets
2.1 What are Zinc Sulfate Tablets?
2.2 Forms and Strengths of Zinc Sulfate Tablets
2.3 Mechanism of Action
Medical Uses and Benefits
3.1 Zinc Supplementation for Zinc Deficiency
3.2 Role of Zinc in Immune Function
3.3 Zinc and Wound Healing
3.4 Potential Benefits of Zinc in Other Health Conditions
Dosage and Administration
4.1 Recommended Dosage for Different Age Groups
4.2 Dosage Forms and Strengths of Zinc Sulfate Tablets
4.3 Administration Techniques and Instructions
4.4 Monitoring and Adjusting Dosage
Potential Side Effects and Precautions
5.1 Common Side Effects of Zinc Sulfate Tablets
5.2 Rare but Serious Side Effects
5.3 Precautions and Contraindications
5.4 Drug Interactions with Zinc Sulfate Tablets
Safety Considerations and Special Populations
6.1 Safety Guidelines for Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women
6.2 Use of Zinc Sulfate Tablets in Pediatric Patients
6.3 Geriatric Considerations and Dosage Adjustments
6.4 Managing Zinc Supplementation in Patients with Comorbidities
Monitoring and Management
7.1 Regular Check-ups and Laboratory Tests
7.2 Assessing Zinc Status and Treatment Response
7.3 Adherence and Follow-up Recommendations
Dietary Considerations and Zinc-Rich Foods
8.1 Food Sources of Zinc
8.2 Incorporating Zinc-Rich Foods in the Diet
8.3 Balancing Zinc Intake with Other Nutrients
Frequently Asked Questions about Zinc Sulfate Tablets
9.1 Can Zinc Sulfate Tablets Cure Health Conditions?
9.2 How Long Can Zinc Sulfate Tablets Be Used?
9.3 Are Zinc Sulfate Tablets Safe for Long-Term Use?
9.4 Can Zinc Sulfate Tablets Be Used with Other Medications or Supplements?
Emerging Trends and Future Directions
10.1 Zinc Supplementation and Health Research
10.2 Novel Delivery Methods for Zinc
10.3 Public Health Initiatives and Zinc Supplementation Programs
Zinc sulfate tablets play a crucial role in maintaining optimal zinc levels in the body and supporting various physiological processes. By understanding their benefits, dosage, potential side effects, and safety considerations, individuals can make informed decisions regarding zinc supplementation. Adherence to the recommended dosage, precautions, and regular monitoring are essential for successful treatment outcomes. Additionally, incorporating zinc-rich foods into the diet can complement zinc sulfate tablet therapy. With this comprehensive guide, you are equipped with the knowledge needed to navigate the world of zinc sulfate tablets confidently and promote overall well-being.
MFR OF ZINC SULPHATE TABLETS
PURPOSE: This Master Formula is written to describe the formulae, manufacturing procedure, specifications, packing details of dosage form.
SCOPE: This procedure is performed and is applied during the manufacturing of dosage form.
RESPONSIBILITY / ACCOUNTABILITY: It is the responsibility of Manufacturing Chemist to follow and adhere to this SOP. The Production Pharmacist, QC/QA Manager are accountable for the strict adherence to the master formula.
COPY ISSUED TO:
- Master Copy: Manager Quality Assurance
- Copy No. 1: Production Pharmacist
- Copy No. 2: Manager Quality Control
- Copy No. 3: Tablet Section
ZINC SULPHATE DISPERSIBLE TABLETS
|BATCH SIZE: 1.0 LACS
|PRODUCT REFERENCE CODE: 611
|UNIT SIZE: 10 x 10
|GENERIC NAME: ZINC SULPHATE
|PACK SIZE: 100 x 10 x 10
|DOSAGE FORM: TABLET
|DEPARTMENT: TABLET DEPARTMENT
|EXPIRY DATE: AFTER 24 MONTHS FROM THE DATE OF MANUFACTURING
Each uncoated Dispersible Tablet contains:
Zinc Sulphate Monohydrate
Equivalent to Elemental Zinc B.P. 20 mg
EQUIPMENTS TO BE USED:
|NAME OF EQUIPMENT
AS PER SOP NO.
AS PER SOP NO.
|Steam Jacketed Starch Paste Preparation Tank
|Sifter Machine – I
|Roto Cube Blender –I
|Rapid Mixer Granulator
|Fluidized Bed Drier
|Sifter Machine – II
|Roto Cube Blender – II
|Tablet Compression Machine 27 Stations
|Tablet Inspection Machine
|Strip Packing Machine
|Theoretical Quantity Req.
|Total Quantity Used
|Zinc Sulphate Monohydrate
|Dibasic calcium phosphate
|Cross Carmalose Sodium
|Vanilla Dry Powder
|Sodium Starch Glycolate
|NAME OF THE MATERIAL
|Total Quantity Used
|ADHESIVE TAPE ROLL BROWN
|STRIP FOIL (FRONT)
(ZINC SULPHATE DISPERSIBLE TABS)
|STRIP FOIL (BACK)
|UNIT CARTON – 10 X 10
(ZINC SULPHATE DISPERSIBLE TABS)
Moisture content of powder should be less than 2.0 %.
Average weight of each Tablet is 270 milligrams.
Weight Variation Limit for average weight of 20 tablets is +0 %.
Friability limit for 20 Tablets is not more than 1.0 %.
Hardness of the Tablets varies between 1 – 3 kg/cm2.
Disintegration time for each Tablet is not more than 3 minutes.
Mix the batch, compress and de-dust the tablets and also perform the primary packing of Tablets at temperature not more than 25˚C.
Theoretical Yield is 1.0 Lacs Tablets.
Expected Practical Yield is 1.0 Lacs + 2% Tablets.
Use Aluminum foil for Strip packing.
Strip Pack the inspected and De-dusted tablets by using Strip Packing Machine as per its SOP.
Put 10 strips each containing 10 tablets in each carton.
Seal the each carton from both ends with cello tape.
Pack 100 cartons in specified corrugated box S-11 to give a pack size of 100 x 10 x 10 tablets.
Seal the each corrugated box with adhesive tape and label it properly by affixing the specified label.
Preparation of Starch Paste:
Prepare the starch paste in the manner given below using Steam Jacketed Starch Paste Preparation Tank by operating it as per its SOP.
Dissolve 0.050 kgs of Sodium Benzoate in 1Ltrs of DM water and stir continuously.
Add 0.6 kgs of Starch in 4 Ltrs D.M. water and stir continuously to make smooth slurry.
Dissolve 0.100 kgs of Aspartum in 1 Ltrs of hot DM water.
To the boiling water add the solution of Sodium Benzoate and Starch Slurry and stir continuously until uniform paste is formed.
Fit Stainless Steel Sieve # 40 on the Sifter-I as per its SOP, Sift all the ingredients through it and collect separately in Stainless Steel Container.
Blend the following ingredients in a Roto Cube Blender by operating it as per its SOP for 20 minutes and collect in Stainless Steel Container.
- 6.80 kgs of Starch
- 3.0 kgs of M.C.C.P.
- 1.0 kgs of DCP
Mix above blended ingredients with the Starch paste using Rapid Mixer Granulator by operating it as per its SOP, Add starch paste in such a manner by following the procedure given below so as to achieve proper wetting.
Pass the wet dough through a Multi Mill by operating it as per its SOP to convert the moist mass into coarse, granular aggregates.
Dry the granules in Fluidized Bed Drier by operating it as per its SOP at temperature 60˚ – 70˚ C for 30 minutes. Cool the granules to achieve room temperature.
Fit the mesh # 16 Stainless Steel Sieve on the Sifter-II as per its SOP, Sift all granules through it and collect in Stainless Steel Container. Break the oversized granules left over the mesh in Oscillating Granulator by operating it as per its SOP and resift them.
Check the total weight of dried granules. Determine the loss on drying and percentage yield of dried granules.
Lubricate the sifted granules along the following ingredients in a Roto Cube Blender by operating it as per its SOP for 15 minutes and collect in Stainless Steel Container.
- 0.050 kgs of Aerosil
- 0.10 kgs of Magnesium Stearate
- 3.00 kgs of CCS
- 0.20 kgs of Talcum
- 0.075 kgs of Vanilla Dry Powder
- 2.00 kgs of SSG
- 10.080 kgs of Zinc sulphate monohydrate
Send the granules for bulk testing to Quality Control Department for assay of Active Ingredients.
Shift all the granules for compression to Tablet Compression Machine 27 Stations by operating it as per its SOP and collect the compressed tablets in Stainless Steel Containers.
Transfer all the tablets to tablet inspection machine and sort out the defected tablets by operating it as per its SOP and collect the selected tablets in Stainless Steel Containers.
Shift the inspected tablets to Strip section and Strip pack them using Strip Packing Machine by operating it as per its SOP.
The following in-process controls should be maintained during the processing:
Check Raw materials used for manufacturing purpose are all approved materials and have ‘Released’ labels fixed on it.
All weighed Raw materials should be counter-checked by Manufacturing Chemist. If any discrepancy is noticed, it should be immediately brought to the notice of Production Pharmacist and QC/QA Manager.
Physical characteristics of Raw material like colour, odour, and consistency are checked before compounding.
Humidity and temperature should be maintained during the compression of thermolabile products.
Sample of dried granules should be sent to Quality Control Department for the determination of Moisture content.
The total weight of blended powder should be checked in the presence of Assistant Manufacturing Chemist and record the same in Batch Manufacturing Record.
Bulk sample should be sent for analysis to Quality Control Department before starting compression of tablets.
Weight Variation: I) Intermittently weight variation of compressed tablets should be checked at 30 minutes interval by the Assistant Manufacturing Chemist and record for the same should be kept in Batch Manufacturing Record.
Out-of-limit tablets should be checked by Weight Variation Method as given below:
Take the average weight of 20 tablets on the calibrated balance and calculate the upper and lower limit as per the table given below in accordance with IP/BP:
|AVERAGE WEIGHT OF TABLETS (in mg)
|MAXIMUM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENCE ALLOWED
|80mg or less
|More than 80mg and less than 250mg
|250mg or more
Take the weight of individual tablets and check if all the tablets are lying with in the limits.
Select the tablets only if no more than two tablets are out of percentage limit and if no tablet differs by more than two times the percentage limit, otherwise reject the tablets.
Adjust the desired weight of the tablets in the Compression Machine by moving weight adjustment cam clockwise or anticlockwise accordingly as per the Standard Operating Procedure of Compression Machine.
Re-check the weight of tablets for further adjustment, if any.
Thickness of Tablets:
Thickness of the tablets should be determined by means of the vernier caliper. The thickness of the tablet should be checked whenever weight adjustments are made.
Hardness of the tablets:
The equipment used is the ‘Monsanto’ type hardness tester. Hardness of the compressed tablets should be checked at regular interval to determine the need for pressure adjustments on the tableting machine.
Hardness of tablets varies between : 1-3 Kg/cm2.
‘Roche Friabilator’ is used for measuring the Friability. The instrument is designed to evaluate the ability of the tablet to withstand abrasion in packaging, handling and shipping.
Adjust the instrument to 25 RPM before adding the tablets.
Weigh 20 Tablets on calibrated balance. Transfer the tablets in the plastic chamber. Close the drum tightly.
Switch on the apparatus. Operate the Friabilator for 100 revolutions.
De-dust and reweigh the tablets. Loss in weight indicates the ability of tablets to withstand the wear.
Take 10 tablets to check the friability, when the average weight of tablet is 270 mg or more than 270 mg.
Friability Limit = Less than 1.0%
Disintegration is the time required for the group of tablets to disintegrate into the particles. Disintegration Test should be carried out at regular interval of 1 hour by using Disintegration Test Apparatus.
The tube assembly unit is removed from the glass beaker and from each tube the plastic discs are removed.
Place the tablets in each of 6 tubes along with a plastic disc over the tablets.
The glass beaker is filled with water. The water in the beaker is retained at the temperature of 37+1˚C through out the test by suitably setting the thermostat.
Introduce a tube assembly unit into glass beaker in such a way that wire mesh at the base of each tube is at least 2.5cm below the surface of liquid when the basket is at highest position.
When the tablets have disintegrated i.e. when no particles remain on the wire mesh at the bottom of tube, stop the stopwatch. Note the time taken for disintegration of the tablets and record the same in Batch Manufacturing Record.
If one or two tablets fail to disintegrate, the test is to be repeated using 12 tablets.
Disintegration Time of uncoated tablets= Not more than 15 minutes
Disintegration Time of coated tablets= Not more than 30 minutes
Tablets taken for testing and In-process control should not be added to the bulk batch to avoid mix-ups and cross-contamination.
Inspection, sorting of rejected tablets should be done as per SOP.
The strips and cartons should be checked thoroughly for proper batch coding.
Manufacturing Chemist and Production Pharmacist should randomly check that the correct no. of strips are being packed in each cartons and also the number of cartons in each shipper is exactly the same as that shown in proof.
Intimation should be sent to Quality Control Department for finished product sampling and testing
After the completion of labelling and packaging, the coded cartons should be accounted for and rejected printed material should be destroyed in the presence of QC/QA Manager. Fill the destruction sheet and attach the same in the Batch Manufacturing Record.
It will be ensure that filling or packaging equipment has been properly cleaned after the completion of batch.
Filling or packaging of next product should not commence until the ‘Line Clearance’ has been given by the IPQA.